Colour schemes and harmonies

What is color?
Colour is the quality of a device or piece of items with respect to light reflected by the
object, usually determine optical by calculation of hue, saturation, and brightness of the
reflected light; saturation or Chroma hue… In art and design, a color scheme is a coalition of
colors based on an organizational system. Principally, it's a set of colors that work well
together to create coalesce aesthetic.

What is the color wheel?
A color wheel is an abstract explanatory coordination of color hues around a circle, which
shows the correlation between primary colors, secondary colors, tertiary colors etc. The
color wheel is designed so that effectively any colors you select from it will look good
together. Over the years, many variants of the basic illustration have been made, but the
most common category is a wheel of 12 colors based on the RYB or artistic color model.

 

Explain types of color wheel and color schemes?
1. Primary color – Red, yellow and blue
Ancient artist color usually used in paint and pigments, primary colors are the 3 pigment
colors that cannot be developed or formed by any combination of other colors. All other
colors are taken from these 3 hues.

2. Secondary color – Green, orange, and purple
A secondary color is a color created from a collaboration of two primary colors

3. Tertiary color – Yellow-orange, red-orange, red-purple, blue-purple, blue-green &
yellow-green
These are the colors create by mixing a primary and a secondary color. That's why the shade
is a two-word name, such as blue-green, red-violet, and yellow-orange.

4. Warm and cool color- warm color (orange, red, yellow), cool color (blue, green and
light)
Every color has the certain tendency towards what called warm and cool color. Warm color
makes us feel all toasty warm inside. However, cool color makes us think cool things.

5. Tint, Shades, and Tone
Tints, tones, and shades are variations of the hues develop on the basic color wheel when
white, black or both are mixed in. Tints are produced when you attach white to any hue on
the color wheel. Tones are designed when you add both black and white to a hue. You could
also say Gray has been added. Shades are created when only black is added to a hue.

 

6. Achromatic colors – blacks, whites, and grays.
Any colour that lacks strong chromatic pleased is said to be unsaturated, achromatic, near
neutral, or neutral. Near neutrals embrace browns, tans, pastels and darker colours. Near
neutrals can be of any hue or lightness. Pure achromatic, or neutral colours insert black,
white and all grays.

 

7. Complementary colours
A complementary colour scheme is one that uses colours abruptly across from each other
on the colour wheel. This can be masterly by using two colours or hues that are opposites
such as red and green or violet and yellow. Black and white can also be handed-down. Since
you can choose from differ colours and hues which can give a bold and substantial effect.

8. Monochromatic
A monochromatic colour is a one-color colour scheme. However, the colour can be
counterbalance by adding its accompaniment to lower the intensity of the colour. Black and
white can also be used to darken and lighten the value of the balancing colour. It is attain by
using one colour or hue, use that colours various tints, tones and shades. Using a
monochromatic scheme with numerous textures produce character and maintains unity.

9. Analogous
An analogous color scheme is any three adjoining primaries, secondary, or tertiary colors on
the color wheel. These schemes can be warm or cool. Each can be neutralized by utilizing of
its accompaniment and black and white can be used. Analogous colors "harmonize" well and
produce an explicit mood to a composition. This can produce a very harmonious color
scheme.